What Back Pain Is and How to Prevent It

There is one basic aspect of our health that all of us are mostly aware of but totally forget about. The vast majority of the population knows the importance of the back portion of the human body, specifically the spinal cord and parts associated with it. The back is literally the workhorse of the body. Unhindered function of the back is fundamental to nearly every move that the body makes. Purely because of this, the back is more prone to injury. Back pain could be a major irritant at the least. However, ignoring back pain in early stages could lead to permanent disablement.

On the other hand, there is no reason to lose heart. Most back pains could be prevented. Even after getting a back pain, you do not have to go in for costly treatments. Simple treatment at home itself can remedy this inconvenience. Proper body mechanics would normally put you back on the road in 2-3 weeks. Surgery as a remedy for back pain is rarely needed.

Always remember that your back, particularly the lower back, sustains most of the body weight. A major portion of body stress is borne by the back. Strained muscles & ligaments or a muscle spasm are the usual cause for back pain. This could occur from sudden awkward body movements, improper or heavy lifting, continuous travel and driving, bad eating habits, unhealthy sitting practices, and so many other minor actions that we all indulge in, without being aware of the risks involved.

Medical history in the United States proves that four out of every five adults experience low back pain at least once in their lifetime. However, the extent of actual physical damage might be totally unrelated to the severity of the lower back pain. An ordinary muscle spasm that occurs from a normal back strain could lead to intense back pain. You might find it even difficult to walk or stand straight. But, this is no cause for alarm. Such lower back pains could be easily alleviated. In contrast, the so-called large causes like herniated discs or complete degeneration of discs could be totally painless.

Even though the normal causes for low back pain are usually very complex, several simple reasons could lead to severe back pain. Some of the sources of back pain are the irritation of the large nerve roots in the low back that connect the legs and arms, as well as the small nerves that strengthen the spine in the low back. Straining the lower back muscles or injury to the bones, ligaments or joints in the lower back could also result in low back pain. Injury to the intervertebral disc is the root of a few major back pain conditions. This would require proper treatment.

Middle back pain normally emanates in the 'thoracic' part of the spinal column. 'Thoracic' refers to the chest and the mid-back portion of the body. This part of the body is quite strong as a rule, so that we can stand upright. It also protects the most vital internal organs in the chest like the heart, the lungs, the spleen, the pancreas, etc. Further, in spite of the strength and stability of this part, its movement is very limited. Due to this, the risk of injury or degeneration to the middle back is remote. As such, middle back pain is quite rare.

Muscular irritation or joint dysfunction generally causes upper back pain. This is not a common disorder. Still, if it occurs, it could be extremely painful and result in acute discomfort. Injury to a disc in the upper back is also very rare. Neck pain is more common in upper portions of the body. In cases of upper back pain, finding the reason is very difficult, because body scans very seldom reveal anything significant about the source of the problem.

In most of the back pain cases, simple treatments bring enormous and immediate back pain relief. Healthy sitting postures, adequate sleep, mild exercises and walking, and avoiding mental stress are some such remedies in back pain relief. If the pain persists, it would be advisable to approach a qualified physician for proper treatment.


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